9. From what do individuals get their human rights?
Correct Answer: Birth
10. What does right to live mean?
Correct Answer: Right to live with dignity
11. Why does there have to be an increased awareness about human rights?
Correct Answer: To uproot terrorism and do away with exploitation and insecurity.
12. What is meant by the right to acquire nationality?
Correct Answer: Right of an individual to get the status of a citizen in his/her country.
13. Why has India established the National Human Rights Commission?
Correct Answer: For the protection of human rights.
14. What is meant by human rights?
Correct Answer: Right of every person to live a dignified life and develop himself without facing any discrimination on the basis of religion, gender, caste, race or country.
15. Why does no one have the authority to take away human rights?
Correct Answer: Human rights are from birth itself. No one bestows these rights.
16. Write five articles from the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Correct Answer: Everyone has the right to freedom of movement. Everyone has the right to freedom from arbitrary arrest. Everyone has the right to own property. Everyone has the right to freedom of Everyone has the freedom of thought and religion. Everyone has the right to vote.
17. Write about the structure of the National Human Rights Commission in India.
Correct Answer: NHRC has a retired Supreme Court judge as Chairperson and six members who include retired or in-service judges of the Supreme Court or High Court, Chairpersons of National Commission for Minorities and National Commision for Women and two experts who have worked in protecting human rights.
18. When did the United Nations proclaim the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
Correct Answer: 10 December 1948
19. When did India establish the National Human Rights Commission?
21. Which assembly/council has representatives of all member countries as members?
Correct Answer: General Assembly
22. When was the Trusteeship Council dissolved?
Correct Answer: 1 November 1994
23. Where is the Secretariat of UN?
Correct Answer: New York
24. Where is the International Court of Justice based?
Correct Answer: The Hague
25. Where are the Headquarters of International Labour Organization?
Correct Answer: Geneva
26. Where are the Headquarters of Food and Agriculture Organization?
Correct Answer: Rome
27. Where are the Headquarters of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization?
Correct Answer: Paris
28. Where are the Headquarters of World Health Organization?
Correct Answer: Geneva
29. Where are the Headquarters of International Atomic Energy Agency?
Correct Answer: Vienna
30. What is binding on all member countries of the United Nations?
Correct Answer: To resolve international issues only through peaceful means
31. Name the five permanent members of the Security Council
Correct Answer: United States of America, Russia, China, United Kingdom, France
32. Why was the Economic and Social Council established?
Correct Answer: To co-ordinate the social and economic functions of the UN
33. What is veto power?
Correct Answer: Right to reject any decision
34. What are the functions of the International Court of Justice?
Correct Answer: Adjudicating the disputes between two or more member countries, providing the right interpretation to international laws, norms and traditions, etc.
35. What are the functions of the Security Council?
Correct Answer: Maintaining international peace and security, probing into international disputes, suggesting ways to resolves issues, taking military or economic actions against aggressor countries if necessary, etc.
36. What are the objectives of the United Nations?
Correct Answer: (1) To enhance international peace and security. (2) To develop friendly relations among nations. (3) To resolve all international issues through peaceful means. (4) To protect and promote human rights and freedom.
37. What are the functions of the General Assembly?
Correct Answer: Pass resolutions regarding international peace and security. Discuss Security Council reports and pass UN budget. Elect non-permanent members of Security Council and members of the Economic and Social Council.
38. What are the functions of the Economic and Social Council?
Correct Answer: Initiating discussions on poverty, social and economic inequalities, apartheid, etc., to create awareness about human rights and freedom, to undertake projects about social, cultural and educational issues, etc.
48. Which country's foreign policy's characteristic feature is opposition to colonialism and imperialism?
Correct Answer: India's
49. Who officially put for the principles of Panchsheel in 1954?
Correct Answer: Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
50. Who was the President of Yugoslavia?
Correct Answer: Marshal Tito
51. Who was the President of Egypt?
Correct Answer: Gamal Abdel Naser
52. Who was the President of Indonesia?
Correct Answer: Sukarno
53. Who was the Prime Minister of Ghana?
Correct Answer: Kwame Nkrumah
54. What does Article 51 of the Indian Constitution guide us about?
Correct Answer: How we should conduct our international affairs and transactions
55. What does the Non-Aligned Movement oppose?
Correct Answer: Colonialism, imperialism and apartheid (racism)
56. What are the values on which Non-Aligned Movement is based?
Correct Answer: Eternal values of humanism, international peace and equality
57. What are the objectives of India's foreign policy?
Correct Answer: (1) To promote international peace and security. (2) To maintain just and honourable relations between nations. (3) To foster respect for international law. (4) To encourage the resolving of international issues peacefully and through Tribunals.
58. What are the Panchsheel principles of India's foreign policy?
Correct Answer: (1) Mutual respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty. (2) Mutual non-aggression. (3) Mutual non-interference in each other's internal affairs. (4) Equality and mutual benefit. (5) Peaceful coexistence.
59. What confidence has the Non-Aligned Movement given to less developed countries?
Correct Answer: To stand with dignity in international politics